Renewable: Key Stage 2

Schools and Education > Renewable: Key Stage 2

The benefits of using renewable energy are explored in this section for KS2 / primary pupils.

The following lesson plan will introduce the topic of renewable energy to primary (Key Stage 2) level pupils. It supports a number of topics within the NI Curriculum and the Primary School Curriculum in the Republic of Ireland, including aspects of The World Around Us Area of Learning (NI Curriculum) and the Environmental Awareness and Care Strand (R.O.I. Primary Curriculum).

  • This lesson links to the Energy Saving Trust Video on renewable energy.
  • The lesson is designed to be used in conjunction with the renewable energy information sheet and activity sheet, both of which can be downloaded below.
  • Words in bold are ‘keywords’ which may need to be defined for pupils.
  • There is a link to an interactive quiz which will test what the pupils have learned about renewable energy during the lesson.
  • At the end of the lesson are a number of suggestions for follow-up activities on renewable energy.

Download the lesson plan as a PDF here

Download the renewable energy information sheet here

Download the renewable energy activity sheet here

Lesson Plan


Pupils will revise methods to save energy.
Pupils will discuss the importance of energy in their daily lives.
Pupils will understand that fossil fuels are a finite resource.
Pupils will be able to distinguish between renewable and non renewable energy.
Pupils will learn the benefits to the environment of using renewable energy.
Pupils will consider forms of renewable energy in their local area.
Pupils will be able to identify a variety of renewable technologies.


Introduce the lesson by recapping on the saving energy lesson. Remind the pupils about how electricity is made in apower station by burning fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas, releasing pollution. Discuss how pollution is harmful for ourenvironment as it can cause global warming and acid rain.
Explain that there is another problem with this method of energy production – fossil fuels are non-renewable which means they will eventually run out. Ask the pupils to work in pairs to list, in order of importance, how their lives would change if we couldn’t make any more electricity. These can be written in a class list at the front of the room. Then ask them to write down any alternative methods of electricity production they are aware of which will not run out. Examples to discuss include wind turbines, water turbines (hydro power), solar panels and biomass. If possible show the class images/ objects relating to these e.g. solar powered models. Introduce the class to the term renewable energy. Now ask the pupils to read through the renewable energy information sheet.

Lesson Development

Show the pupils the Energy Saving Trust’s video on Renewable Energy by clicking on the image in the right hand column. Then ask them to complete the renewable energy activity sheet. If necessary show the video again to enable the class to answer the final section of related questions.


Recap on the lesson by discussing the differences between using renewable and non-renewable sources of energy. Ask the class what they think of renewable types of energy – do any of them have a renewable technology at home or do they know of one in their local area? What do they think are the pros and cons of the various renewable technologies?

Ask the pupils to test their knowledge of renewable energy by taking the quiz in the right hand column.

Follow up Activities

  • Pupils take the interactive quiz on renewable energy.
  • Pupils search the sustain and build website to find out about other renewable technologies and view the related video case studies.
  • Pupils work in groups to produce their own powerpoint presentation on a particular renewable energy technology. They then present this to the rest of the class.
  • Pupils write a short drama about the benefits of using renewable energy and present this to the rest of the school in assembly.